Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child’s health or well-being. As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is often based on BMI.
As per a new global study published in the journal Pediatric Obesity, estimated 26.8 crore children may be overweight by the year 2025 in the world if no policy interventions or public awareness does not happen. This report was timed to coincide with this year’s World Obesity Day which is observed on 11th October.
As per the study, by 2025 estimated…
Up To 12 Million Children Will Have Impaired Glucose Tolerance
4 Million Will Have Type 2 Diabetes
27 Million Will Have Hypertension, And
38 Million Will Have Hepatic Steatosis Or Buildup Of Fat In The Liver.
Obesity prevention experts urge policy-makers that this is a “wake-up call”, and there will be 90 million children are set to be obese ‘if drastic measures aren’t taken’.
Child Obesity In India
Effects of obesity are far-reaching on the overall health of children including psychological, physical and have long-term implications when they grow into adults. A study report published by ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) provides in-depth analysis into increasing obesity ratio in Indian children and its harmful effects.
Below is the table showing adverse outcomes of childhood obesity…
|ADVERSE OUTCOMES OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY
||High blood pressure, Early onset of atherosclerosis, Left ventricular hypertrophy
||Insulin resistance, Diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), Menstrual abnormalities, Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
||Gallstones, Non alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), Hepatic fibrosis, Cirrhosis
||Slipped capital femoral epiphysis, Tibia Vara, Osteoarthritis
||Obsessive concern about body image, Expectation of rejection, Progressive withdrawal, Low self esteem, Depression
||Increased bronchial hyperactivity, Asthma exacerbation, Obstructive sleep apnoea, Pickwickian syndrome, Pulmonary embolism
||Increased sensitivity to sodium, Decreased natriuresis, Proteinuria, Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)
Link Between Obesity And Diabetes
The association of obesity with type 2 diabetes in adolescents and children is very strong and confirmed by various studies. Evidence entail that obesity driven type 2 diabetes might become the most common form of newly diagnosed diabetes in adolescent youth within 10 years. Evidence is accumulating which suggests a global spread of type 2 diabetes in childhood. Traditionally type 2 diabetes had been a disease of adults; however, the same now occurs in increased numbers among obese adolescents.
In a nutshell the report says…
“Worldwide, obesity trends are causing serious public health concern and in many countries threatening the viability of basic health care delivery. It is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. The last two decades have witnessed an increase in health care costs due to obesity and related issues among children and adolescents. Childhood obesity is a global phenomenon affecting all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. Aetiopathogenesis of childhood obesity is multi-factorial and includes genetic, neuroendocrine, metabolic, psychological, environmental and socio-cultural factors. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, psychological, orthopaedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary and renal disorders are seen in association with childhood obesity.
The treatment of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents requires a multidisciplinary, multi-phase approach, which includes dietary management, physical activity enhancement, restriction of sedentary behaviour, pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery. A holistic approach to tackle the childhood obesity epidemic needs a collection of activities including influencing policy makers and legislation, mobilizing communities, restructuring organizational practices, establishing coalitions and networks, empowering providers, imparting community education as well as enriching and reinforcing individual awareness and skills. The implications of this global phenomenon on future generations will be serious unless appropriate action is taken.“
Awareness & Prevention
Before policy makers around the world come out with their policies and guidelines, it is up to us, the parents and kids to take matters in their own hand. Childhood obesity can be prevented or controlled through dietary management, nutritional supplement and leading an active lifestyle. Avoiding junk and packaged foods, avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, eating a balanced and timely diet can help your child fight weight problems.
At Club Nutrim, we counsel not only adults for their weight loss issues, but also help them with their children’s weight problems. Our weight loss program helps inculcate healthy food and exercise habits among children from a very young age.